e-mail: szwang (at) nenu.edu.cn
e-mail: mengxm3711 (at) 163.com
Annual Report 2014
Ongoing registration of China national committee of IPS
Since the IPS EB approved China to establish a National Committee on 10 September last year, the Institute for Peat and Mire Research at Northeast Normal University has been dealing with issues relevant to the establishment of China’s National Committee in the IPS.
Under the control of the temperate-climatic regime, fen peat dominates the peat resource in China with a total deposit of 4.6 billion tons (oven dry). But due to rapid global warming and extensive human activities, more than 80 % peatlands have been reclaimed as farmlands in the eastern part of China. Although those reclaimed peatlands have lost all the functions and benefits of wetlands, they can be gradually used without any environmental problems.
However, many conservationists in China misunderstand the concept of peatlands and wetlands, and insist that all peatlands must be protected. Accordingly, the governmental agencies have tightened the certification of peat use. As the result of this, the only way for IPS to launch its activities in China is to work with a new institution called the Peat Industry Association Branch, under the China Humic Acid Industry Association (CHAIA), and share a bank account with CHAIA.
On 24 December 24 2014, Mr Zeng Xiancheng, President of China Humic Acid Industry Association, specially visited Northeast Normal University (NENU) and signed a cooperation contract with NENU. Both sides consent that the Institute for Peat and Mire Research and NENU should run the two Secretariats of the Peat Industry Association Branch of CHAIA and the China National Committee of IPS. All the financial issues will be managed by the Secretariat of CHAIA.
Now all establishment documents of the two agencies have been submitted to the relevant governmental agency, and a call for membership will be distributed all over China through a website.
We hope to call on all institutions and specialists who are interested in peat use, peat research, peat engineering design, peat application, and peat sale including representatives of foreign peat companies. After completing collection of application forms, we would like to organize an opening ceremony for the two peat institutions.
China is rich in fen peat and one of the biggest peat markets in the world. China will not only use its home fen peat, but also import a lot of Sphagnum peat and wooded peat, which are rare resources in China. Recently, China has launched a campaign of agricultural modernization, and with the assessment of new technology and environmental safety, the market needs for peat, growing medium cultivation and soil conditioner will rapidly grow.
China’s National Committee will push forward a national programme to organize nine institutions concerning research, production, service and equipment for the growing medium and soil conditioner industry, and upgrade the industry of growing medium and soil conditioner in China through combining the industry technology for growing medium with information technology, to build a new intelligent industry. At the same time, China’s National Committee will promote public awareness of peat and peatlands, and introduce the concept of responsible management of peatlands into China.